Access to an affordable and reliable energy mix is critical in the modern world. We use energy to power industries, warm our homes, light our cities, cook our food and move our goods and services.
As the United Nations states, "energy is central to nearly every major challenge, and opportunity the world faces today. Be it jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, sustainable energy for all is essential for strengthening economics, protecting ecosystems and achieving equity."
Around 50% of the world's energy needs are met by oil and gas alone.
While we directly consume some energy sources (like oil for transport and gas for heat), we also consume many of these energy sources once they have been transformed into electricity.
The Global Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) is essentially a measure of all the individual base energy sources produced around the world.
Electricity generation is defined as electricity generated from fossil fuels, nuclear power plants, hydro power plants (excluding pumped storage), geothermal systems, solar panels, biofuels, wind, etc.
The map below shows the pattern of total energy consumption across the world. Developed countries in the OECD and non-OECD Europe and Eurasia consume the highest percentage of total energy, while developing countries consume less.
This pattern of energy consumption is changing, with larger percentages of consumption expected in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and South America.
people with no access to electricity.